ISSN: 0378-2867

Volume 43, Issue 67

Volume 43, Issue 67, Summer 2013, Page 1-685


موقف ابي الطيب المتنبي من حساده (303- 354 هـ) عرض ودراسة وتحليل

Hashim Salih Manna

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 1-46

The peculiar character of Almutanabi and his art has caused a
great and vast dispute among the political، the social and the artistic
entities. Since this poet strove very hard to build a society that is
based on excellent ethics and virtuous values. He used to enjoy
numerous attributes، a number of poets were lacking. Some of
which are the following: his ambitions، his aspirations، his dreams،
his eloquence، his self-confidence، his excellent individuality
compared to his peers، his distinguished and unique character
compared to the youths in his generation، his physical power، his
aspiration، his determination، his chivalrous character، his genius
mind، his skills، his self-esteem and superciliousness، his noble
character in refusing to indulge in west-time circles، and his refusal
to describe other than kings and princes (only those who enjoy
haughty characters)، i.e. those whom he prescribed on them his
specific conditions- these conditions which no poet dared to lay
down before him nor after him، and they (kings and princes)
accepted these conditions and not only they accepted them but also
they were eager to gain his pleasure in the hope to be described in
one of his sublime poems. Due to all the previous، the envious -
gloating/rejoicing over another’s grief (schadenfreude)- rivals
started to plot against him، and feel rancor towards him، and accuse
him with false accusations، because he stood as an obstacle between
them and the ruling class، and because of him they were deprived
from the prizes and gifts، and he was a cause in the ignorance of
their poems and their being driven away from the courts of such
(kings and princes)، because such poets failed to keep up or compete with him. Almutanabi discovered them and showed the
reasons of their jealousy، and despite of that sometimes he just
ignored them and sometimes he found excuses for them، but in
other times – when he saw their persistent envy، their ignorant
minds، their corruption، and their trifle conducts have extended and
spread and started bothering him when reached to the men of power
he retaliated with might and harshness so that he may repulse them
and cause them to shut their faces up، and convince them، but in
doing that he never cursed them nor used bad language with them،
and in doing that he kept his excellent principles and great ethics
that he subscribes to and believes in، understanding the lofty
position he and his art occupy in the hearts of all the just people،
the readers of his poetry.

The Didactic Approach in: Al-FaDa Al-MuDii'a Fi Sharih Al-Shadhra Al-dhahabiya

Nawfal Al-Rawi

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 47-84

The present paper reviews the didactic approach that
is followed in The book entitled: Al-FaDa Al-MuDii'a
Fi Sharih Al-Shadhra Al- (Dhahabiya)Authorad by Abn
Zaid Al-'Aatiki (D. ٨٧٠A. H.). We managed to figure out
this approach relying on a descriptive study. It Falls into
three parts . The first parts deals with the fundamentals
of Syntactic lesson reviewing hearsay rules،
comparisons، consensually Agreed rules among the
linguists…… etc. In this part we have discovered the way whereby the author dealt his students in away
that Services his students easily. the second part tackles
the sources of the lesson، that we uncover in this
approach depending on two tables: the first table is for the
personal names and the second for the books the author
used to recite from . Themethod comesvery consistent
with the didactic approach followed by the author. The
third part is entitled with "stylistic features in
explaining grammar" . It highlights the most
remarkable features of the didactic authoring of book
like: definitions،perspicuity، easiness، shortness،
pleonasm، syntactic disagreements……etc.

Kalla ‘No’ in Glorious Qur’an: Semantico-Syntactico Study

Abdul-Jabbar A. Salih

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 85-94

This study aims at identifying different meanings of the
response particle (kalla) ‘No’ and tracing its usage in the
glorious Quran.
Kalla had many functions: negating, restraining and
repelling what precedes it and confirming what follows it.
Negation with Kalla differs from other negation particles; it
denotes that what precedes it cannot be, at any rate, true
whereas other particles negate the action without wondering
about its reliability. Therefore, unlike other particles, the
negated action precedes Kalla, and the sentence that follows it
usually signifies confirmation, swearing, reassuring the
audience/hearer and restraining which requires a reaction to a
positive context some scholars count Kalla as having the
meaning of ‘yes’ in fact, just the opposite, Kalla means ‘no’; it
negates the positive ness of an action.

The Proposal Style in Prophet's Tradition From a Dialogue Kaised by AL- Sahba

Hana; M. Shihab; ad Rifat M. Mawlood

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 95-132

This research deals with the proposalistic style in the
prophetic tradition (Hadith).Proposal style In the prophetic
tradition is one of the most important aspects of sacred
literature whose semantics and over tones have long occupied
the interest of Arabic's, Arab grammarians and semanticians.
The research contains the dialogue Al-Sahaba started with the
prophet included of three types .

Effectiveness of poetry and the delegation of the senses to reveal the meanings of language in the poetry of Antar al-Absi

Mohamed; Shaimaa Idris

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 133-164

The present work tackles the distinguished artistic pictures in
Ankara's poetry these pictures add momentum to the communicative
and connotational functions through interacting with the audience's
background Knowledge . New meanings are originated in this way
in the readers` imagination in the light of the context built by the
text .

The Conception of Harvesting Water in The Glorious Qur'an

Ahmeed Ameer Sultan

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 165-188

This research reviews the conception of (Harvesting
Water) in a modern scientific point of view ; depending
on Arabic and foreign scientific references. This research
presents the components of harvesting water systems
relating them scientifically and thoroughly with verses of the
Glorious Qur'an , particularly verses from Al-Naml surah: "Is
he (not best) who made the earth astable ground and placed
within it rivers and mad for it firmly set mountains and placed
between the two seas a barrier? (No), but most of them do not
know. "

The Rhetorical Function of using Oath by(Ta'a) in the Holy Quran

Omar khalil hamdoon

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 189-218

The present paper is divided in to five sections preceded by
most important finding arrived at by the researcher The first
section seals with oath from language to terminology The second
section is devoted to discussing the (Ta'a) of Oath.The third
section tackles the Oath by (Ta'a) in the Quranic narrations. The
fourth section is concerned with the use of oath within the
descriptions of some conditions of Doomsday-Finally the fifth
section deals with the use of explicit oath by(Ta'a).

Description in The Stories (Village Talks) by Maroon Abud

Bassam Khalf Sleiman Al-Hamdani

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 219-244

The Lebanese Artist Maroon Abud is Chosen as domain of This
research, because his stories have cohesive artistically techniques, among
which is description. Moreover, his stories have descriptive Parts with
different shapes and expressions. For this reason, this research is
concerned with the analysis of descriptive parts clarifying the artistic and
esthetic dimensions, and revealing The meanings resulting.
This research is divided into an introduction and four ports. The
introduction specifies the description concept, its function, and its relation
with narration. The first part of the research deals with the study of
description confined by narration which includes the description narration
and the description directed by narration with its three types: simple
description. compound description, and separated description.
The second part tackles the description including description related
with internal emotions, and description referring to action. The third and
fourth part are specified for the study of the classifying and expression
description.

The Philologist :Ali Ibn Mohammad Al-Antaky His Life and Scientific Influence Heritage

al Yaseen Mustafa; Khaz

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 245-266

The scientific movement in Al-Andalus began to be
developed and spread in the fourth century. In this century,
sciences and knowledge reached a high stage of improvement
and became the most common subjects for scientists
particularly when scientists from other Muslim countries took
part in the movement to gain high positions. The philologist
Ali Ibn Mohammad living in Antakya was one of those who
came to Al-Andalus in ( A. H. / A. D.). He gained a
high position on the part of the public and those in authority.
He brought with him mental sciences of his city was famous
and was said to be a heritage of Grice in philosophy and
wisdom. He also brought religious books from scientific
centers of the Islamic world. He played a great role in
improving the scientific movement together with the
inhabitants of Al-Andalus. He taught them various kinds of
sciences so that to become prominent figures in Al-Andalus.
He died in Kurtuba in ( A. H. / A. D.).

دور الاميرارغون أقا السياسي والاصلاحي في اصلاح دولة المغول ١٢٧٥ -١٢٢٥/٦٧٣-٦٢٣

Ragd Abd-Alkreem Ahmad

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 267-296

The present work tackles the political and reforming role
of Prince Aragon Aqa in the Mongol State between the second
decade and the advent of the seventh decade of the seventh
century AH/the thirteenth century AD. It concentrates on the
prince’s role in laying the foundation of the rule of Khan
Toorakna Khatoon and her son Kyook Khan. It tackles as well
his role in the economic reformation during Manko Khan’s
reign, the Hulague- led Mangolian campaign against Baghdad
in ٦٥٦AH/ ١٢٥٨ AD and resisting Khan Buraq al-Jaghai who
invaded Khurasan during Abaq Khan’s reign. The study
occluded that Prince Aragon Aqa was a savior in all these
events for the Khans he worked with until his death in ٦٧٣ AH/
٢٧٥ AD.

Saad Ibn Ubada The Carrier Al-Ansar Banner

Ikhlas Abed-AL-Razak Mahmod

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 297-318

The prophet's companions are the persons who made the
sacrifices, served Islam and the messenger of Allah Mohammed
peace be upon him. So, they (the prophet's companions) were the
ideal and example and were highly sincere and dedicated to their
ideology represented by Islam.
Saad Ibn Ubadah was one of those great companions. He was
an example of the men who were known to be of strong characters,
generosity, bravery and dignity. Saad Ibn Ubadah contributed to the
establish meaty the Islamic State in Yathrib before the immigration
of prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) as he was the leader of
Saa'ida clan which belonged to AlKhazraj tribe in addition to his
participations in all the events with the prophet.

The Role of Social Scholars in Educational and Well-fare Institutions: An Analytical Descriptive Social Study

Hani Ahmed Al-Dabagh

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 319-346

The paper aims at investigating weather working
conditions can possibly affect the worker’s performance and
motives as well. The research sample consists of workers
chosen randomly. A two part questionnaire is utilized as a
research tool. The first part represents general information
while the second represents questions answered by the sample.
Through utilizing statistical methods, the study concludes that
working conditions affect the worker’s health and production.
Hence, the researcher recommends taking care of the workers
through providing the suitable working atmosphere in order to
insure their health and comfort as well as increasing their
production.

Professions and Crafts and their Relation with Diseases A Field Study in Mosul City

Abdul Razzaq Salih Mahmoud

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 347-380

The research aims at revealing the negative healthy and
physical impacts, resulted from practicing some Professions
and crafts, on the practitioners, and defining their causes.
The research sample involves (١٢٠) individuals, who practice
various Professions and crafts in Mosul city. The researcher relied
upon questionnaire as a main instrument to collect the data required
The research reached to a results that there are three groups
of diseases the research sample was infected with whether
immediately or with the passing of time according to their gravity,
The first group: the diseases of vertebrae, backbone, and
articulations. The second group: fractures, wounds, burns,
amputations and so on. The third group: audiovisual problems.

The Role of Family in juvenile delinquency A Field Study in Duhok Governorate

Nibal Fawzi Mahmood

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 381-404

Juvenile delinquency is one of the social phenomena that are
in existence for long . It affects both the undeveloped and
developed societies. Historically, there have been different
perspectives toward this problem; since a delinquent person is
convicted and must be inhibited. By developing the human
scientific view, a delinquent is classified as a normal human with all
his/her features and characteristics, but his/her conditions lead him
to such headless behaviors. Accordingly, it has been decided to
tackle this topic in order to shed light on the role of family and its
relations in juvenile delinquency; since the family represents the
corner stone of behaviors guidance throughout bringing up during
the various stages of age from childhood till adulthood.
As for conclusions, they are as follows:
. The number of family members has a great role in juvenile
delinquency; since of the subjects were related to big families.
. The economic level has an obvious role in juvenile delinquency; since
of the subjects were suffering from poverty.
. The crack cases gave a fixed role in juvenile delinquency; since
of the subjects pointed and that the marital relations were not
good. To add, parents' bad treatment had a great impact on juvenile
delinquency, where of the subjects were suffering from
negligence.
. The educational level of parents had a clear impact on juvenile
delinquency, where of the subjects' parents were uneducated,
and of the subjects' mothers were uneducated.

Children's Satellite Channels and Role in the Social Development from Parent's Perspective Social Field Study in the City of Mosul

Nora. m. Ali

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 405-436

Children's satellite channels have become
the most effective media on parents and children alike in
terms of the entertaining and educational programs and
cartoons there channels broad cast. These channels with
their effective force home become a fierce competitor
against the parents in the directed social children raising
process. The parents even realized the seriousness of this
device that they began to use it as a means for reward and
punishment. The results of the field study also highlight that
several families in the city of Mosul readied that it is not
possible to ignore the effects of this great device. The
parents also need to keep a close eye on their children while
watching TV and continuously direct them towards
educational programs that enhance the child intellectually.
The parents also need to teach the child what he is allowed
to watch and what is banned and explain the reasons behind
these decisions.

Orient a lists' Efforts in serving The Heritage of Arab In Islamic Manuscript

Rayd Ameer Abdalla

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 437-466

This study is based on the statement of the role of the Orient
lists and their efforts in study the Arab Heritage of the manuscripts
and their system in collecting the manuscripts and
checking publishing and indexing them and focuses on their attitude
towards manuscripts heritage and also to show their styles in the
aspect.
The study dealt with some of the earliest Orient lists who took
care about manuscripts from different schools and shed lights on
their contribution in study and publish them and it was clear that the
Orientalists were the first in collecting preserving manuscripts
restoring and checking them before Arab The study sunup their
methods and styles taking of manuscripts and became of the
scientific and technical ralue of them it be cam the interest of great
number of Orient lists. they used all approaches valid and invalid to
gain this heritage in this study we attracted the attention of the
researchers about the importance of the manuscript heritage and
discover they way and system of Orient lists in dealing with
manuscripts we have reached that not all what Orient list had
achieved is acceptable because there were in it some good and
others bad in addition to that it was acceptable at that time because
there. was no Arabian alternative work but when the scientific
morement to revive of Arab scientists and in restigator have come
out in this field and too many of them prove superior than the
Orientalists Praise be to Allah in the worldly life and the Here after

Chariots of Gods and Kings in Ancient Iraq in the Light of the Babylonian and Assyrian Records

Mohammad Hamza Hussein Al-Ta

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 467-492

The study of the chariots of gods and kings in ancient Iraq in the light of the Babylonian and Assyrian writings has a great impact on the archaeological studies. It highlights a fundamental aspect of the two systems i.e. divine and royal that prevailed in Babylonia and Assyria for a long time. Chariots had a great importance for gods and kings notably insculptures murals and cuneiform writings. Chariots of gods and kings were the most valuable and beautiful as they were lavishly inlaid with gold silver and jewels although such materials were rare at that time; the best wood was used as well. Chariots were used in various fields. In wars where they were skillfully used as crucial weapons that helped win victories. They were used too in rituals rites myths and hunting.

Children's Toys in Ancient Iraq Society

Sabah Hameed youni

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 43, Issue 67, Pages 493-534

It is suggested here that ancient Mesopotamians were
creative in all aspects of life and they gave every aspect of life the
importance it deserves . It is no surprise that they paid attention to
the psychological and recreational as pat of society as a whole by
providing entertaining facilities . We can see that they paid great
attention to this side and allocated places about which no detailed
information in avoidable there is scanty information about playing
places but as far as its manufacturing is concerned especially
children toys we have very little in formation about it . It is possible
that some of these toys were made by poor families at home using
simple material which are usually available at their homes like cloth
etc . They earned a living by selling such toys . However toys that
were made at workshops of the raw materials which were available
in Mesopotamia such as stone they etc .It seems that women played
a major role in this respect side by side with men .
Due to the importance of this enterprise as reflecting the
extent of cultural development in Mesopotamia ancient
Mesopotamians had not overlooked the entertainment aspect of life
as it has a strong effect on the development of ancient Iraqis .A
human being cannot retain his activity without recreational means .
We grew with the various human needs of every day life since he
settled in the land . The civilization of Mesopotamia had a wide
effect on the ancient civilization and one of such effects is the
transfer of entertaining means to other communities as Elam .