ISSN: 0378-2867

Volume 8, Issue 62

Volume 8, Issue 62, Spring 2012, Page 1-404

Grammatical Commentaries of AL-Azhari in his book Tahtheeb AL-Lugha "Language Discipline"

Zahra Sa; d AL-Deen Sheet; Amir Bahir Ismeer

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 1-36

The dictionary of Tahtheeb AL-Lugha by Abi-Mansour AL-Azhari (370H.) has received a great attention by the old and contemporary researchers and scholars. Many researches and studies were written about this dictionary. What is obvious in these researches and studies is that the comments of AL-Azhari were the centre of many of them. Commentaries here mean those texts in which AL-Azhari starts with "I said" which usually comes after mentioning the narrations of the scholars from whom he has qouated or those from whom he has heard or talked to، from the speakers of standard Arabic.
Inspite of the studies about AL-Tahtheeb, we have found that there are many questions in his commentaries which were not shed light on, among them are his grammatical comments which reveal his opinions on many grammatical issues. The present research entitled "Grammatical commentaries of AL-Azhari" in his book "Tahtheeb AL-Lugha" to investigate the grammatical questions included in these commentaries to study and analyze them in order to show the ideas of AL-Azhari and his attitudes towards these issues.
The present research is divided into a preface which deals with the grammatical investigations in Arabic dictionaries, and five parts classified according to the varying purposes of AL-Azhari in his commentaries as follows: Part One is devoted to the commentaries of AL-Azhari between acceptamce and rejection. Part Two studies AL-Azhari commentaries between probability and direction. Part Three deals with AL-Azhari commentaries between presentation, agreement and documentation. Part Four is commentaries exclusive to AL-Azhari. Part Five is on the grammatical term in AL-Azhari commentary.
We have depended on a group of grammatical books from which we have documented what AL-Azhari mentioned of grammatical issues, the centre of his commentaries. Most important of these books is: "The Book" by Sibaweih (180H.). The meanings of the Quran by AL-Fara، (207 H.), Majaz AL- Quran (AL- Quran Rhetoric) by Abi – Ubaida (210 H.). Our Methodology in this work is descriptive, sometimes with inclination to standavdization.

The Narration of the Pre-islamic Poetry in Earlier and Later Ages

Bassim I.Qasim

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 39-86

This research studies the narration of pre-islamic poets and their lives and the occations of their poems reported by narrators .It deals with the authenticity of these news and their narrators based on Al-Hadith science showing what was earlier and what was later.Therefore,the researcher discussed the famous and recurrent narrations of pre-islamic poets and poetry as in Mua`allaqat,the role of Quraish in judging which was good or bad poetry,the story of Antar and Ablaa,the devils of poets and some news about Umru` al-Qays ,al-Nabegha,al-A`asha,Zuhair,Tarafa and others.Hence ,these narrations were used as a basis on which we rely to study poems and their authenticity affects the analysis of these poems revealing their meanings,ideas and signification

Secondry Meanings of Separation and Junction in the Koran Readings

Muhammad I.Muhammad

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 87-106

The present study demonstrates the secondry meanings implied in the style of separation and junction in the Koran readings. It consists of three chapters.
Chapter one shows the definition and origin of dual meanings. It also shows when and how these meanings developed. Chapter two deals with the definition, purposes and positions of separation and junction. Also, it shows the letters related to separation and junction. Chapter three deals with the definition of Qoran readings and the rules of accurate and correct reading. Then, the researcher analyzed all the verses that have two readings, one of them includes separation and the other one includes junction.
At first, the researcher mentions the Holy verse, then he mentions the Qoran readings applied on this verse, and the Ottoman copies of the Holy Qoran that support these readings. After that, the researcher mentions the first and the second meanings of separation junction through the contexts in order to show the secret of Qoran miraculous nature in this variety, and all the meanings of verses to be understood by the addressees. The conclusion shows the most important results of study.

Dynamics of Image in Ottman AL-Mosuli,s Peotry

Sherif B. Ahmed

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 107-128

The present study is not mainly concerned with the functions of a poetic image , its types and all classifications. Also it would not rely on a specific approach according to its concrete , conceptual , emotional or mental connotations. Views and images of researchers about the image as a decorative feature or an artistic –aesthetic value have not been considered. This study is not engaged in the balance between critical approaches to specify the concept of image. However, it investigates the kinetics of image in Othman Al-Mosulily's poetry as an applicable orientation with a critical vision collocated with environmental effects , timing , cultural and heritage categories , aesthetics , interaction of personality and topic in the content and structure , and the efficiency of Al-mosily , who is concerned with kinetics of image to convey his intention to the recipient and he is so keen to make the text communicatively acceptable in the subject structure with pragmatic scheme , revealing the effective factors in its formation , specifying the sources of experience and content, expressing an argumentative connection between self and subject , and presupposing a harmony between kinetics of image and its realistic and conceptual input. The aesthetic value lies in the objectivity of kinetics as a formation loaded with interactive images , having the ability of realizing excitement and motivating mind by signs recognized by the recipient and considered by the study as an essential element for forming poetry and an open horizon loaded poetic components including images syntactically interrelated which do not subject to mathematic relations in logical

The Novel "The Sword and the word" astudy of the Narratire structure

Amar A.safaar

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 129-148

History and reality are considered as the basic aspects of the narrative works Emaduddin Khalil done well in employing artistically not as historian or as social researcher but he was a novelist of obvious vision of the world in his novel Al-seif Al-kalima that has been evaluated to be additional novel.
These characters were samples of real people in Islamic society.

Ibn AL-Taqtaq's Political Vision in the Light of the Mongol's Control

Muhmmad Khalid

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 149-176

Ibn AL-Taqtaq's is one of the scholars and men of letters who try to adapt themselves to the new situation represented in the Mongol's occupation of many Islamic lands and the fall of the Islamic Abbassid Caliphate in Baghdad(656AH-1258AD)
. The political and ideological changes imposed by the Mongol especially in the ruling and administrative systems have greatly affected the political vision of Ibn AL-Taqtaq's in his book (Al- Fakhri fi al-Ădāb al- Sultāniya wal- Duwal al- Islāmia). (lit. The Honorary in the Sultanic Ethics and Islamic States). The vision turns out harmonious with the new changes. It crystallizes Ibn al-Taktaki's attitude toward that rule. Ibn AL-Taqtaq's political vision is basically characterized by three characters. The first lies in establishing juristic bases for the Mongol rule. Ibn AL-Taqtaq's state that for a rule to be juristic it must exhibit the ten characteristics of reason, justice, knowledge, piety, forgiveness, generosity, solemnity, policy, fidelity, and the ability to fathom mysterious matters. The second base, however, is providing the advice and instruction that help rulers in general and Mongol rulers in particular keep to their rule through emphasizing the importance of justice, knowledge, autocracy, consultation and forgiveness. As for the third base, it encourages the ruler to treat his subjects with kindness, mercy and justice to maintain security and stability and consequently stable authority.

Political Activity of Lady Hester Stanhope in Syria 1810-1839 A.D

Mahmood S.Sa; eed

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 177-216

This research attempts to highlight about English Lady lived in the East about twenty nine years in search for effective political role.
Lady Hester Stanhope played a role in the imperialism division plans in the Arab East
The aim of this research is exposure about the historical important to political activity of Lady H. Stanhope in Syria , especially Mount of Lebanon.
The research was divided in to three sides; first deals with Lady H. Stanhope rise and her political creating. Second tackles her journey and political activity in the East. Third deals with settling in Mount of Lebanon and her activity there

The sociology of Civil Knowledge of Folk Markets

Shafeeq I. Salih AL-Juboori; Nadiya S. Mahmood Al-Kababji

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 217-238

sociology of folk markets generally can be looked at from perspectives: one is constructional while the othe is civil markets, however combine both aspects. They are constructional economically and civil with respect to shoppers being member in social culture. Some sciences tend to see folk market of economical significance, other of historical or ecological ones. Each science _ including sociology_ is rightful in its claim because this topic cam be tackled from various perspectives.
This reason motivated the researcher to tackle folk market _Mbeing a filed of sociology _ from know ledge and civil sociology perspectives.
The research provides evidences that affirm this fact. It provides a frame work within individual and group social acts get activated in folk pattern.
The researcher found that the most suitable methodology for this research is that of knowledge sociology and ethno methodology because these two methodologies are rich with term and concepts that stem form the daily life of folk market.
The research is divided into two axes knowledge sociology, social phenomenon’s knowledge sociology, deity life, sociological folk and knowledge ethno methodology.
The second, however, tackles the sociological civil knowledge of mosuli markets. It ends with a brief summary of the research results

The International standards and Their Uses in the Library of college of pharmacy at the University of Mosul

Wassan S. AL-Hadidi; Noor F. AL-Omar

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 239-268

The study aims at identifying the present status at the Collage Of Pharmacy University Of Mosul, as Academic library, Its types of services, collections and acquisitions, and technical services followed in it. It is based on case study method and collecting data through interviews with persons responsible for the library.The study comes out with some conclusions, the most important of Which is the need for professional library staff specialized in the field of ibrarianship and information science.
The study also presents some recommendations, among which is to improve the intrenet and serving sufficient computer devices to use them in the library

An Unpublished Text from the Iraqi Museum

Muyad M. Sulaiman

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 269-276

This text was engraved on a cylindrical stone made of white lime with length 10. 2 c. m. and 5. 2 c. m. of thickness. On the surface of this stone 17 lines were inscribted in the shape of framed circle. This text belongs to E. NINNU temple. What is sight catching in this is that the writer distributed the syllables of a single word in more than one line, i. e. some syllables in the above line and its completion in the line below, although there are some similar texts to this type of text that are inscribted on door sockets, baked cones and bricks. This way of inscription is very unique, rare, and unprecedented in cuneiform texts during the historical periods as far as the researcher

Decoration of Assyrian Grape Leaf

Hussein Z.Hamood; Ghassan M.AL-najaari

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 8, Issue 62, Pages 277-288

Grape form economic perspective had a great significance in Mesopotamia. It had been mentioned repeatedly in the cuneiform texts referring to its fame and cultivation in Mesopotamia. Grape is a climbing tree and its leave fall soon. Its flowers are in the shape of smaller or bigger clusters with yellowish colour. Moreover, its fruits may differ in shape and size. Grapes are eaten in fresh shape and in dried one as a raisin. Assyrians extended from the environment in which were living elements of unique decoration. This study sheds light on the decorations made Assyrian on grape leaf on reliefs and landscapes