ردمد المطبوع (Print ISSN): 0378-2867

ردمد الإلكترونيّ (Online ISSN): 2664-2506

السنة 42, العدد 61

السنة 42، العدد 61، الشتاء 2012، الصفحة 1-491

The Reative Pronoun Its Clause in the Arabic Grammar

Shaibaan Adeeb Ramadaan Al; Dr . Firas Abdul- Azeez

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 1-28

The present work is an inductive investigation to(الَّذِي) (allathi; who, that, which) and its relative clause in the Glorious Quran. Grammarians are unanimously gree on that the relative clause is an independent linguistic construct, integral structurally and it implies a series of attributive sub functions. Its main grammatical function, however, is to specify the relative noun, which is connected grammatically to the linguistic context of the whole discourse . the study aims at specifying the patterns of the relative clause in the Glorious Quran and the pragmatic signification and connotations derived from each pattern depending on context. The patterns of (الَّذِي)relative clause in the Glorious Quran are magnificent reflections loaded with various solid significations .

The Grammatical Result of The Ibn Jabri's Commentations on The Ibn Malik collection

Nawfa lAli Al-Rawi

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 29-64

Our research , entitled "Grammatical result of the Commentator Ibn Jabir (died , 870 A. H. ) for the Alfiyah of Ibn Malik , Collection , verification and study" is based on collecting the scientific material that begins with (bounty , محصول , resulted from , تحصلَّ outcome , الحاصل , summarized , تلخص , or within his speech or understood from it). But the research was entitled " The Outcome" because the root (ح. ص. ل) and its alteration has exceeded all other
titles. Also because it is a semiotic one that expresses exactly what the commentator (Al- Andalusi) aimed at out of what he had mentioned in his book.
We can say that the commentator wanted to collect the particles of the grammatical matters at the end of every chapter or every matter in which he had felt ambiguity , mystery or intertwine that needed explanation.
By doing so , he took a teaching direction exactly as that of Ibn Al-Nadhim or Ibn Aqeel formerly , or what we can find in grammatical textbooks for beginners.
After we has collected the scientific material from (The Elucidation of the Alfiyah of Ibn Malik by Ibn Jabir) that composed of four volumes. ~
We read the collected material carefully and tried hard on originalizing the Quranic Verses (Ayahs) , poetry and proverbs and mentioned the places where the illustration is in the verse if the commentator hadn't mentioned just to increase declaration and clarity. We followed up the text that was ascribed to those who had said them or sometimes not ascribed. We authenticated their original sourses.

صيغة الفعل (باركنا) في القرآن الكريم دراسة نحوية دلالية

Amjad kamil

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 65-92

The verb (باركنا) (to bless) is mentioned six times in the Holy Quran. Blessing in language refers to increase and growth and then blessing is developed to be the firmness of Allah blesses in certain thing. This verb indicates the greatness of blessing in the holy land Palestine and its surroundings and it has syntactic, stylistic and statistic references indicating the greatness of Allah blessing.

The qurani Rhetorric in the Ten commandments in An'am Suar

Adnan Mahdi AL-Dulami

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 95-116

The recent research which is entitled "The Quraan eloquence in the ten wills of sorat Al – Ana'am" could be regarded as a serious attempt to understand the Quraan eloquence of three lines (Ayat) thet include ten important Quraan wills in all of the heaven religions. The research is devided into three sections preceded by an introduction and followed by a conclusion of the main results of the study, among them is that showing those wills initiatively has the striking elements by using eloquence techniques like the interpretation and alternation of request styles in a summarized way of explaining those wills.

Alternating between the Nominal structures of the prophetic saying in the Sahih AL-Bukharri

Amer Rafeeq AL-Musafi

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 119-154

The present study invesitigates the aterntive use of the nominal structure in the Sahih AL-Bukhari .
What characterizes Arabic language is the flexibility in expression of intentions and objectives that the speaker wants to convey to the addressee that possesses a rich linguistic knowledge which enables its users to be very expressive in terms of linguistic performances to a degree that makes the receiver more interactive to linguistic massages both mentally and psychologically, the mentioned flexibility that can be seen in building structures; proposition and delay, deletion, addition, changing it according to masculine and feminize or numerically singular two or plural and neglects the terms of reference grammar and the separation and opposition between inseparable concepts, and other basic phenomena are steady rules in building linguistic structures, observed in the formulation of phrases through the expression of time interchangeably, such as expressing past with the present tense, or the expression of future time with past tense, or to deviate from derivative to derivative in another context, which could fall under the heading: (shifts from morphological formulas), or: (the exchange between the semantic structures) .
We in this paper will focus on: (the exchange between the nominal formulas in the language of the Hadith), which was paid less attention by linguists in respect of linguistic evidence for clear reasons. We have made the Hadith as an evidence for dealing with this phenomenon because it is the language of the most eloquent of speech as it is the language of Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him). Therefore, the scholars should give special emphasis to this subject. In the language of the Hadith, we can see some nominal structures which violate the basic rules in grammar and take the position of other nominal so as to give additional meaning in the Hadith. Thus, it does not come on its own structure and form such as (subject nouns, object nouns, adjectives and other

The Scimtific and administriue Effeneiency of the ministey Awn-el-Din Bin-Hubara (499-560 A.H.)

Salih R.Hassan

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 157-184

This study deals with aspects of scientific and administrative biography of the Abbasside minister Awn El Din Bin – Hobira 499H – 560H ،such as : his kinship ،
surname ،birth ،and the first environment where he grew up ،
and what he had learned from basic sciences in his childhood and his youth.
The study also talks about a new phase in his scientific life when he decided to travel to Baghdad seeking for more knowledge and getting different types of sciences on the hands of more famous professors at that era ،where he devoted most of his time and effort for this purpose until he could dominate on the head topics of many sciences such as : linguistic legality ،literary …. etc ،so he shifted to advanced stage by writing a lot of books in many fields of thought and knowledge which became stimulus of interest of the people at that time.
And for his scientific and ability fame he got many administrative positions in the palace of the Abbassian succession till he got the job of ministry at 544 A.H ،taking on wide authorities for his loyalty ،ability and honesty which pushed him to give the people and the country his maximum effort ،reforming situations and fighting corruption ،with keeping on the scientific abilities of the professors ،teachers and scientists ،besides being expansive to the people and especially the poor and mistreated and being close from them He was trying to be with them and solve their problems.
And according to the good biography ،there was a wide positive impact among the private and the public increased
6133 ه/ 0260 م ) آداب الرافدين – العدد ) 16
him respect and appreciation ،so his death was like shock produced sadness and grieve for the loss which was expressed by many poets and especially the people of Baghdad ،it was too rarely for a Minister to be appreciated like this before or

The Qufgaq Mongol Khandom During Tuktamish Reign (780-808AH/1378-1406AD)

Raghad Abdul Kareem Ahmed AL-Najjar

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 185-210

The present study tackles the status of the Qufgaq Mongol Khandon state during Tuqtamish Reign it Elaborates on the state of division that afflicted the state twenty years before Tuqtamish assumed Power, the way this Khan came the throne unified the state and built up army to wage wars against his compete tors. This policy brought up his state many campaign the last of which was the destructive campaigns waged by Tamerlank in (797AH/1394AD)This campaigns but an end to this Khan's Power, completely destroyed his state and Disrupted it in to small state eventually fall under the control of modern Russia.

The Role The Yousifi School in Spreading Science and Knowledge in Granada Kingdow

Ahlam Hasan Mustafa AL-Naqeeb; Barzan Mauyassar Hamid Al-Ahmed

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 213-240

The Intellectual Movement witnessed a marked progress during the Ghurnada Kingdom period . The Kings (Sultanates) themselves were scholars and researchers. They enhanced the scholars for they were also sciencests , among them was the founder of the Kingdom the Sultan Mohammad Ibn Al- Ahmar . As a result the intellectual life reached its high progress in the rule of the Sultanate Abi Al-Haggag Yousif Bin Ismaeel Al-Nasry ( A.H) and during the role of his son the Sultan Mohammad Al Ghny bi - Allah
( A.H),the Sultan Abu Al-Haggag himself was Scholar and poet and he loved these fields of science.
As a result many schools and scientific instituation appeared during this period in Ghunada Kingdom ,and the kings asked the scohlars to visite Ghunada and then gave them a high position , and asked them to teach in the schools of the Kingdom different science.

Information Industry : Its concept and Reflections on the libraries and Information centers

Amaar A.zain AL-Aabideen

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 243-280

The study is concerned with the subject of information industry and concentrates on the problem of identifying its concept, misunderstanding and characteristics. The study shows that the weak infrastructure of some Arab countries and the absence of coordination and integration among the organization as far as the information industry is concerned. This have stoped the progress of developing this type of industry and its spread in one way or another.
The concept of information industry has been divided into parts representing their components, with explaining and illustrating eash of these parts. The study also concerned with the application of information industry in the field of information. Types of information industry have been identified from more than one point of view. The method that are followed by information organizations for providing information industry services marketing, and advertising them are also coverd in addition to the characteristics of information services from certain point of view. The study contains seven figures and illustration.

Ibn Tufeil / the story of hay bin Yaqthan an analytical study

Intisar Kh.Hassan

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 281-296

Thoughts imply many facts bated on a fixed reality these basements represent the stone corner in shaping these thoughts. Hence, This philosophy is an especial one and it has a distinguished and clear methodically and thought which has a literary impression. This philosophy is a group of fundamental basements lead him to obtain what has concluded in his works. This research is considered summer iced result of what has presented.
The methodology followed in this research depends up on the critical and analytical method which is an abjective way in writing research.
This research in Ibn Tofeil's life. Also, the question of immortalization is tackled.

Reed upon the Summerians A linguistic study

Nawala A.AL-Mutwali

اداب الرافدین, السنة 42, العدد 61, الصفحة 297-332

Reed one of the important materials in southern part of Mesopotamia, specially in the area of Marches, the Mesopotamians used reed since earlier periods, reed was use for architecture, canal works, fuel, various crafts (reed mats, reed baskets, etc.), and also as fodder for various animals. The most important sources for studying reed, is the cuneiform inscriptions, these cuneiform inscriptions records a number of reed bundles, and the names of various who were responsible of their production, several activities of reed work, and also reed workers, especially the cuneiform texts dated to the Ur III and the Old Babylonian Periods.