ISSN: 0378-2867

Volume 6, Issue 56

Volume 6, Issue 56, Winter 2010, Page 1-541


Looting Acts: A Study for the Social Reaction in Terms of the Marking Theory

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 6, Issue 56, Pages 283-284

The social reaction towards looting crimes was so great and still accelerates even after five years since that day; and among the means the society followed to defend itself was the “stigma” oriented against it as a society and transformed to individuals who committed looting actions in 2003 as one of the severe social sanctions. Social stigma is considered one of the most prominent penalties practiced by a society toward guilty individuals (along with legal penalty as well). The society isolates, despises such individuals and does not allow people dealing with them and disgrace them for along periods of time. This may last for many generations.
Other means that are followed by the society is calling perverted individuals by many names and attributes as a denotation and a punishment for them. The most striking of these names is “ Al-Hawassim” which was commonly used since 2003 and still; and it also come to include other classes of perverted and criminals such as (administrative corruption, power beneficiaries, forgers, swindlers, wealthy people by suspected means …etc.). The term “Hawassim” has become a standard for perverted behavior and might extend to included new types of behaviors that are socially rejected and leave a stigma on the Iraqi memory in the modern age.

Mosul’s Market Porters: A Socio-Anthropological Study

iz M. Dawood; Muwafaq W. Mahmood

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 6, Issue 56, Pages 372-372

A society is like a pot in which the particles are boiling in steady movements, so one needs more than one monitor in order to watch the various moves and activities. Similarly, we need more than one probe in order to feel the behaviors and moves of people. Therefore, any problem can be viewed differently from different angles. At the same time each specialist may argue for his own views and submit a precise description of the parts on which he focuses.
The present study aims at studying describing the Mosul market both structurally and functionally. Similarly, it tries to be acquainted with the porters’ society in Mosul market as it is an economic part of the market though isolated socially. Moreover, the study tries to uncover the social and economic problems from which the porters suffer. The researcher has used the method of note-taking and interviews as tools for conducting the study, he also the socio-anthropological method as well, so that he could make the study more comprehensive.


The study puts forward the following recommendations:
1. Creating real job opportunities for youths.
2. Founding a society that defends the rights of the porters.
3. Giving financial subsidies as loan in the following two fields.
A. For building houses.
B. For establishing private projects.

The Effect of Mosque in Decreasing Some Perverted Behaviour Aspects of Youth: A Field Study in Mosul City

Safana Ahmed Dawood

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 6, Issue 56, Pages 411-444

The current research aims at introducing the most important jobs and roles of mosque in our Islamic society. As it is one of the important religious and educational facilities specially at our present days due to the conflicting social and political circumstances we are witnessing.
The research falls in four sections: the first sets the methods used, and the second talks about the important roles and jobs of the mosque in our society. The third talks about the important aspects of twisted behaviours of youths in our times. Finally, the fourth part deals with results concluded in addition to some suggestions and recommendations in order to activate the role of mosque in our society to eliminate these bad aspects.

Computerized Information Systems along with the Computerized Information Systems in the Iraqi Oil Companies in the Province of Basrah

Salman J. Dawood

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 6, Issue 56, Pages 445-472

Study aimed at the definition of computerized information systems in terms of concept, components, materials, and the types, characteristics and quality. It also aims at identifying information systems available in the four oil companies in the Iraqi province of Basrah. It also identifies the level of efficiency of these systems from the perspective of managers in these companies. The number of managers interviewed (164) managers. It emerged from the answers that the characteristics of quality available to some degree are poor information systems. The study emphasizes the need to include managers in all activities relating to the design, development and implementation of information systems, including more from their experience in this area, also stresses the importance of setting up training courses for all managers in the field of information systems available in the companies.

Active Participle in the Arabite Languages Between Nomality and Verbality

Ameen Abdul-Nafi

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 6, Issue 56, Pages 473-506

Active participle is of the significant topic in the field of the ancient languages. Most of the books written on the Arabite languages mention this topic. However, they cite this subject, either briefly in a way that does not give a clear-cut picture about the active participle in the Arabite languages, or these studied confined only to mentioning the A.P. in one language in the family of the Arabite language like Arabic or Hebrew. Similarly, the previous studies do not approach a comparative method in their study. Here comes the significance of this topic, i.e. “A.P. in the Arabite languages between Nomality and Verbality” The paper studies the A.P., its definition and formation in all Arabite languages. It also studies the verbal markers by which A.P. is marked. Similarly, the tense indication of A.P. as well is hammered out in the study let a lone its tenss less semantics. Moreover, the study approaches the descriptive method of study, that is an approach based up description, counting deduction and citing examples of use of A.P. in the Arabite languages.

Akkadian Terms with Economic Denotation

Mohammad A. Al-Bakri

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 6, Issue 56, Pages 507-527

The present study investigates some Akkadian words with economic meaning that are used in the cuneiform texts. These texts were used by ancient Iraqis to express their economic activities. In this study, we made use of the specialized Akkadian dictionaries. These dictionaries are confined only to give the meaning of these Akkadian words with their citation in the text with the period of ancient Iraq. It was necessary to consult other references that give information about the economic activities that referred to by the economic word. Although this study is confined only to few words but it expresses greater aspect of economic activity in ancient Iraq.

Major Differences between Assyrian and Babylonian Letters in the Neo-Assyrian Period (911-612 B.C.)

Othman Ghanim Mohammad

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 6, Issue 56, Pages 527-541

The differences between the Neo-Assyrian and neo- Babylonian dialects as manifested by the Royal letters in the Neo-Assyrian Period are slight differences which were divided into ordinary, phonic. Similarly there are some differences in the structure of nouns, verbs and text content. It is deduced that there are great similarities between the two dialects and that the phonic differences can help us to discover the dialect of the scribe whether Assyrian or Babylonian as well as a number of morphological structures of verbs like the subjunctive mood which must be observed carefully since there are certain Babylonian scribes who were skillful in using the Assyrian dialect in addressing the Assyrian kings.