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Publisher: Mosul University

Email:  adabarafidayn@yahoo.com

Editor-in-chief: Professor Dr. Mahmood Salih Ismaeel

ISSN: 0378-2867

Book seven readings and express ills In the research The book of parsing the seven recitations their rustications which were wrongly to Ibn Khalawayh Al Asbahani (died 603 A.H)

Nawfal Ali Al-Rawi

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 10, Issue 69, Pages 1-20

the researcher Could correct ascription approved by the script editor Abu Muhammad Al Asyoti . This has been proved by convincing scientific evidence taken from the mentioned book and other resources . we proved that the book author is Ibn Khalawayh Al Nahawi (died 370 A.H) .

Poetic Vision Between de Saussure / Jacobson; Jerjani and / Alqirtagni A comparative study

Hussein Yusuf Hussein; Mohammed J. Mohammed

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 10, Issue 69, Pages 21-54

We take in our search here these two men to be the model to for a comparative study between The Arab critics were solicitous with showing a head start for Gerjani and Alqirtagni on de Saussure and Jacobson in many cases the most important of them are theory of meaning and the meaning of meaning, and communication theory as well as the issues of language and context, and to differentiate between language and the tongue and speech, which through their structures and their relationship the metaphor is made similarly The text becomes a literary text according to Jacobson.

The signification of the Different Recitations of " Fa'il " and " Failun " in the Qlorious Quran

Hilal Ali Mahmood

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 10, Issue 69, Pages 55-70

This research deals with the seventh Qur'anic recitations. It deals with the differences between (Faelin) & (Failin) forms in the Glorious Qur'an , and the variety and richness of meaning that results from this difference which explains the semantic depth that the Qur'anic teat conveys. The research also explains the semantic difference between the similar derivation forms such as : lsm – alfail, and Al – Sifa – al – mushabbaha for functioning in the same linguistic circle

Rhetorical Order in the Opening Surah of The Quran

Nayif j. Ahmed al sadani

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 10, Issue 69, Pages 71-122

Quran is not only a source of guidance and a source of legislation, but also is a sea full of pearls and precious treasures, bizarre and discreet gems of the rhetoric Which defy hearts and minds. The goal of this research is to monitor the rhetorical phenomena in the opening of the book and reveal the secrets of rhetorical order in this great Sura which is characterized by elegancy which stems from the accurate wording and the accuracy of the rhetorical sense because of the systems and good layout in verses The present study tries to shed tight on these aspects .

The verb "Amara" in the Glorious Qura'n A Semantic study

Karam Waleed Abd Saleh

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 10, Issue 69, Pages 123-150

The paper deals with the meaning of the verb "Amara" in Glorious Qur'an which has many meanings related to our thought and psychological life of enjoining the right and forbidding evil actions. It stimulates the feeling and waken in the receiver to discover the religious and ethical values respectively.

Figurative Immage in Ibn Al-Arbili Poetry (Died 677 A.H)

Faris yaseen mohammed Alhamdanee

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 10, Issue 69, Pages 151-172

Ibn Al-Dhaheer Al-Arbeelly the poet, died in(677 A. H) He is one of the prominent figures in Iraq in Swath Century A.H. The figurative image is one of the pillar on which his poetry is based .The figurative elements (like: simile, and metonguy ) of the most elements that contribute to create this figurative image in his poems .

Phanopoeia (Poetic image) upon Ibnud-Dahhan Al-Mosuli

Miqdad Khalil qasim Al-Khatoni

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 10, Issue 69, Pages 173-206

Phanopoeia or Poetic image reveals an intended communication which portraits the reality and clarifies thoughts by using artistic poetic devices. Since these devices evoke senses and emotions, they are used by the poet to test himself and the place he lives in. The poet has succeeded in rendering this poetic image into a resourceful axis from which meanings spreads out in different contexts. These rhetoric images have achieved a successful and effective communication.

Reading as Deferred productive process

Ibrahim Younis Mahmoud

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 10, Issue 69, Pages 207-226

The research aims at giving obvious indications to the role of the reader as compared with the author post- constracuralism doctrines. The reader is given much bigger role , in these trends , in decoding the text and in elaborating it. In doing so , the reader becomes a creative entity that helps opening closed entries to the secrets or hidden aspects of the text , a role which has not been assigned to so earlier . The overall process requires two basic elements to be found , a creative text and a creative reader . Reading post constrcuralism is a positive participation in rebuilding the text in aesthetic descriptive way . It is given a dynamic notion which aims at engaging into the text using special tools to parenthesize and deconstruct it then giving it a new form and decoration

Binary Place in Night Phones calls Stories Of Bushra Al- Bustaani

Bassam Khalf Suleiman; afr A. Al-shaikh

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 10, Issue 69, Pages 275-294

The research reveals the artistic talent that makes the artist Bushra Al- Bustani. It includes constructing story text (night phones) through place binaries in organized way. This makes contrast between different events, and reveal beauty and artistic levels. Its role in explaining the way of the event constructing inside the place.
The research based on three parts. The first part determine place concept and its binary in story text which become motive behind the motives, Which the author depends on forming its narrative text. The first part specialized in studying (inside and outside the place) from the function of binary in revealing the hides that belong to the character, in addition of the reason of Uyghur of feeling restraint for inside and in contrary outside, or in contrary between them. With explanation of farming outside personality and it suffers from, Which shaped accurately in novelist narrating. While the second part of the study (deep/ surface place) that describe place typography that the author try to produce it in its real representation, where as the third part of the study (active/ passive place ) that describe central spot. Which contribute in constructing the way of events by characters dynamic interaction in place field.

Blending in the Akkadian Language "A Comparative Study"

eed Al-Rifaa; Zuhair Dh. Sa

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 4, Issue 50, Pages 1-18

Blending is regarded one of the significat topic in the field of linguistic studies. It is defined by the linguist as a reduction in words and phrases, i.e. it is involving the fusion of two target words for example Interpol for linternational polices. Al-Khlil bin Ahammed Al-Farahidi is the first Arab linguist who called for blending. In this paper we shall shed some light on this linguistic aspect. Similarly, we shall show the similarity between Arabic and Akkadian languages as far as blending is concerned. The study has come up with the concluding that there common characteristics between the two languages. This may support our view that blending is an ancient aspect in the arabised languages.

Andalus Financial Affairs through Al-Muqtabus Book

al Y. Mustafa; Khaz

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 6, Issue 57, Pages 245-268

The present study investigates the financial services in Andalus (Spain). This is to be done by reviewing the book entitled with (Al-Muqtabas) lit. means (excerpt) written by Ibn Hayan Al-QurTubi (469A.H/ 1076A.D).
This paper starts with an introduction to explain the Andalus topography viewing kinds of metals animal warfare and agricultural materials. It also makes clear other fields to explain financial issues like taxes. Similarly, it is to study the expenditure of the whole state and those which are particular to Ommiad palace and the other for the public. Finally, the paper also studies the financial institutions and the coining of money.

Chariots of Gods and Kings in Ancient Iraq in the Light of the Babylonian and Assyrian Records

Mohammad Hamza Hussein Al-Ta

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 9, Issue 67, Pages 467-492

The study of the chariots of gods and kings in ancient Iraq in the light of the Babylonian and Assyrian writings has a great impact on the archaeological studies. It highlights a fundamental aspect of the two systems i.e. divine and royal that prevailed in Babylonia and Assyria for a long time. Chariots had a great importance for gods and kings notably insculptures murals and cuneiform writings. Chariots of gods and kings were the most valuable and beautiful as they were lavishly inlaid with gold silver and jewels although such materials were rare at that time; the best wood was used as well. Chariots were used in various fields. In wars where they were skillfully used as crucial weapons that helped win victories. They were used too in rituals rites myths and hunting.

Features Of Education in Madina in Saudi Arabic The city of Othman Periad

Aaid bin Muhmeed Alzhrani

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 9, Issue 68, Pages 383-438

Medina witnessed the legislation and the revelation of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Thus, it took the scientific status, which is not contested by other city. It ran the educational movement towards progress and prosperity and promotes the religious sciences, literature and the dissemination of science and knowledge among members of the community who were behaviorally and culturally promoted.
Medina has retained this position throughout history, although life has seen a marked deterioration during the Ottoman Empire. Medina had been the destination of scientists for its place in the hearts of those scientists, and that progress did not depend on the state as it relied on the public.
This study presents the scientific aspect in Medina during the Ottoman era and the interest of the Ottoman sultans in Medina. It mainly focuses on the development that took place in the field of education and how it was spread over the area. The study also reflected the interest of Medina princes and the in learning sciences. They did not distinguish between cultural and scientific prosperity and between doctrinal output and moral or intellectual output. Thus, Medina became the center of sciences and students and scholars come it from all over Arab countries .

Features Of Education in Madina in Saudi Arabic The city of Othman Periad

Aaid bin Muhmeed Alzhrani

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 9, Issue 68, Pages 383-438

Medina witnessed the legislation and the revelation of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Thus, it took the scientific status, which is not contested by other city. It ran the educational movement towards progress and prosperity and promotes the religious sciences, literature and the dissemination of science and knowledge among members of the community who were behaviorally and culturally promoted.
Medina has retained this position throughout history, although life has seen a marked deterioration during the Ottoman Empire. Medina had been the destination of scientists for its place in the hearts of those scientists, and that progress did not depend on the state as it relied on the public.
This study presents the scientific aspect in Medina during the Ottoman era and the interest of the Ottoman sultans in Medina. It mainly focuses on the development that took place in the field of education and how it was spread over the area. The study also reflected the interest of Medina princes and the in learning sciences. They did not distinguish between cultural and scientific prosperity and between doctrinal output and moral or intellectual output. Thus, Medina became the center of sciences and students and scholars come it from all over Arab countries .

THE DEVELOPMENT ROLE OF ORPHANAGE CARE IN MOSUL

Marah Mauyad Hasan

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 9, Issue 68, Pages 469-505

The research aims at introducing the real role of orphanage care toward boys and girls in city of Mosul and estimate its job for development.
The research appears that orphanage care have a good role in protection orphans from vagrancy and service's role of many fields like health، education and professional which rehabilitation other than social welfare and raising which replace of the family.

Family Organization and Globalization Challenges

Khlil Mohammad Huseen

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 2, Issue 43, Pages 71-90

This research studies the impact of socio-cultural Globalization on family arganization, from all sides:
structural, functional, social roles, and responsibility towards the world. It also, studies the Globalization’s effects on family’s value and other social systems in society.
Globalization will leave deep prints on the whole social structure, to mention its effects on a family’s structure in its values, knowledge, and ethical organization. Firally we will notice the changes towards happermed in recent future, regarding parent’s behavior specially their kids. A case which will change the way of social organization and its objectives.

Blending in the Akkadian Language "A Comparative Study"

eed Al-Rifaa; Zuhair Dh. Sa

Adab AL Rafidayn, Volume 4, Issue 50, Pages 1-18

Blending is regarded one of the significat topic in the field of linguistic studies. It is defined by the linguist as a reduction in words and phrases, i.e. it is involving the fusion of two target words for example Interpol for linternational polices. Al-Khlil bin Ahammed Al-Farahidi is the first Arab linguist who called for blending. In this paper we shall shed some light on this linguistic aspect. Similarly, we shall show the similarity between Arabic and Akkadian languages as far as blending is concerned. The study has come up with the concluding that there common characteristics between the two languages. This may support our view that blending is an ancient aspect in the arabised languages.

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